Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin | Humboldt-ProMINT-Kolleg | Kollegiat_innen | Mental Modells of Problem Characterizations

Mental Modells of Problem Characterizations

Mental Modells of Problem Characterizations

A theoretical approach to describe the first step ... 


The perception and processing of information from reality always takes place against the background of existing or to be formed internal cognitive structures. These so-called "mental models" thus form the core for insights of understanding processes and are the starting point for the successful handling of a problem situation. 

The project quantitatively examines the internal structure of mental models that are formed in various situations of pupils in lower secondary school and that are initially phenomenologically represented. The representations are dynamic in order to take the process character of chemical processes into account and are supplemented by particulate or iconic representations. In the experimental design a "situational mental modeling building approach"(SIMBA) is used, which postulates a structure out of theory and enables conclusions to be drawn about the internal structure of the mental models from their externalizations. The aim is to trace the quality of externalization and thus of the underlying mental models for both forms of representation back to characteristics of their internal structure and make them in future accessible for a targeted, supporting learning environment.


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